Biodiversity of County Roscommon
What is Biodiversity?
Biodiversity is short for Biological Diversity, the variety of life on earth. This includes all life forms - plants, animals and the habitats of which they are part. It varies from the largest animal to the smallest microorganism. It also includes crops and humans. It is the relationship within species, between species and the relationship with their environment.
Why is Biodiversity important?
Biodiversity is important because without it the world would not exist. Biodiversity sustains all living things; providing us with food, medicines, fuels and building materials. The processes of biodiversity help to provide the planet with fresh air, clean water, pollination of crops, fertility of soil and control of pests and diseases.
Roscommon is an inland county covering an area of approximately 2,500 square kilometres. The landscape is generally flat with gentle rolling hills. Only in some northern parts of the county does the land rise above 250m.
Most of the county is underlain with carboniferous limestone. There are a few pockets of sandstone, in the north, west and east of the county. The underlying geology is one of the main factors that influences the habitats and species found in the county. The River Suck lies to the west and south of the county, while the mighty River Shannon flows along its eastern border.
County Roscommon Heritage Forum has produced several publications on the biodiversity, nature and wildlife of the county. You can down load them here. Hard copies of most are available free in Áras an Chontae & from the Heritage Office.